Home > Administration, sp_whoisactive, T-SQL, Uncategorized > Joining sys.dm_exec_requests to sp_whoisactive results

Joining sys.dm_exec_requests to sp_whoisactive results

Previously, I’ve blogged about returning formatted estimated_completion_time values from sys.dm_exec_requests and getting sortable output from sp_whoisactive. In this post I combine the two, joining the two result sets together. In my environment, we use Ola Hallengren’s Maintenance Solution to run our backups. Because the backup job defaults to run backups for all user databases, it can be difficult to tell which database is currently being backed up.

USE [master]
GO
 
--Drop procedure if it exists
IF  EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[sp_join_whoisactive_execrequests]') AND type in (N'P', N'PC'))
DROP PROCEDURE [dbo].sp_join_whoisactive_execrequests
GO
 
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
/* =============================================
-- Author:      Frank Gill
-- Create date: 2015-10-27
-- Description: This procedure executes Adam Machanic's sp_whoisactive, dumps the results to a temp table, and then joins those results to 
-- sys.dm_exec_requests.  This will return estimated completion time for the following commands along with the statement being executed
-- in a single pass:
-- ALTER INDEX REORGANIZE
-- AUTO_SHRINK option with ALTER DATABASE
-- BACKUP DATABASE
-- DBCC CHECKDB
-- DBCC CHECKFILEGROUP
-- DBCC CHECKTABLE
-- DBCC INDEXDEFRAG
-- DBCC SHRINKDATABASE
-- DBCC SHRINKFILE
-- RECOVERY
-- RESTORE DATABASE,
-- ROLLBACK
-- TDE ENCRYPTION
-- ============================================= */
CREATE PROCEDURE sp_join_whoisactive_execrequests
AS
BEGIN
 
	IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#WhoIsActive') IS NOT NULL 
	BEGIN
		SELECT 'Dropping'
		DROP TABLE #WhoIsActive
	END
 
	CREATE TABLE #WhoIsActive
	([dd hh:mm:ss.mss] VARCHAR(20)
	,[dd hh:mm:ss.mss (avg)] VARCHAR(20)
	,[session_id] SMALLINT
	,[sql_text] XML
	,[sql_command] XML
	,[login_name] SYSNAME
	,[wait_info] NVARCHAR(4000)
	,[tran_log_writes] NVARCHAR(4000)
	,[CPU] VARCHAR(30)
	,[tempdb_allocations] VARCHAR(30)
	,[tempdb_current] VARCHAR(30)
	,[blocking_session_id] SMALLINT
	,[blocked_session_count] VARCHAR(30)
	,[reads] VARCHAR(30)
	,[writes] VARCHAR(30)
	,[physical_reads] VARCHAR(30)
	,[query_plan] XML
	,[used_memory] VARCHAR(30)
	,[status] VARCHAR(30)
	,[tran_start_time] DATETIME
	,[open_tran_count] VARCHAR(30)
	,[percent_complete] VARCHAR(30)
	,[host_name] SYSNAME
	,[database_name] SYSNAME
	,[program_name] SYSNAME
	,[start_time] DATETIME
	,[login_time] DATETIME
	,[request_id] INT
	,[collection_time] DATETIME)

	/* Execute sp_whoisactive and write the result set to the temp table created above */
	EXEC master.dbo.sp_WhoIsActive
	@get_plans = 2, 
	@get_outer_command = 1, 
	@get_transaction_info = 1, 
	@get_avg_time = 1, 
	@find_block_leaders = 1,
	@destination_table = #WhoIsActive

	/* Join the #whoisactive temp table to sys.dm_exec_requests to get estimated completion time and query information in one pass */ 
	SELECT CASE WHEN ((r.estimated_completion_time/1000)%3600/60) < 10 THEN '0' +
	CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(r.estimated_completion_time/1000)%3600/60) 
	ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(r.estimated_completion_time/1000)%3600/60)
	END  + ':' + 
	CASE WHEN ((r.estimated_completion_time/1000)%60) < 10 THEN '0' +
	CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(r.estimated_completion_time/1000)%60)
	ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(r.estimated_completion_time/1000)%60)
	END
	AS [Time Remaining],
	r.percent_complete,
	r.session_id,
	w.login_name,
	w.[host_name],
	w.sql_command,
	w.sql_text 
	FROM #WhoIsActive w
	RIGHT OUTER JOIN sys.dm_exec_requests r
	ON r.session_id = w.session_id
	WHERE r.percent_complete > 0;
 
END

This procedure takes the output from sp_whoisactive and joins it to sys.dm_exec_requests on session_id, returning the estimated completion time and current backup statement in a single pass. Here is a sample result set from the procedure (Click to Enlarge):

SpWhoIsActiveExecRequestsResults

The sql_command column contains the full command being run, in this example Ola Hallengren’s DatabaseBackup procedure. The sql_text column contains the actual SQL statement being run, BACKUP DATABASE [AdventureWorks2012] TO DISK…. The DatabaseBackup procedure runs database backups in alphabetical order based on the database name, so this allows tracking a job progress.

Many thanks to Adam Machanic (b|t) for sp_whoisactive, Ola Hallengren (b|t) for his Maintenance Solution, and Aaron Bertrand (b|t) for his advice on formatting the estimated completion time more elegantly. I finally had an opportunity to use it.

I hope you can put this procedure to good use. Let me know if you have any questions.

  1. Ray Herring
    June 13, 2016 at 14:03

    Nice application of sp_WhoIsActive 🙂
    You can also determine which database is being backed up by looking at sys.databases.state where 1 = Restoring, 2 = Recovery, 3 = Recovery_Pending.
    That does not get the percent complete but will tell you which one.

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